Peptides are naturally occurring biological molecules made up of amino acids. They are found in all living organisms and play a key role in all manner of biological activity. In the human body, peptides are found in every cell and tissue and perform a wide range of essential functions. Maintenance of appropriate concentration and activity levels of peptides is necessary to achieve homeostasis and maintain health.
Peptides have the same chemical structure as proteins. The only difference is that they are shorter in length. When amino acids link together, the chain they form is called amino peptide (comprising 2-50 amino acids). When peptides link together, they become the basis for all protein (50+ amino acids). The most important skin protein is collagen, because without collagen, there is no elasticity.
Collagen concentrates beneath the epidermis (the most outer layer of the skin), in the “dermis”, a layer made of nerves, blood vessels, fats, elastin and collagen. Collagen peptides are in abundance in our skin. They make up about 80% of the dermis helping the skin look firm and smooth, resulting in a youthful and radiant complexion.
When we are young, we produce collagen at a very high rate. However, as we age, that rate begins to slow. After the age of 20, our body produces an average of 1% less skin collagen peptides each year, stopping production around the age of 40. On top of the lack of new collagen production, our existing collagen stock begins to break down. This process occurs due to many different reasons – some we can control, some we can’t. The most prominent reason for collagen breakdown is aging, a process we can’t stop.
There are behavioral and environmental reasons your collagen might break down - and these are things we can control. Exposure to UV radiation - whether that be a result of tanning beds or simply leaving the house without sunscreen - can break down collagen. Smoking and other behavioral factors can also lead to its deterioration.
In the human body, peptides are found in every cell in different tissues, and perform a wide range of essential functions. Maintenance of appropriate concentration and activity levels of peptides is necessary to maintain health.
The essence: As your skin continues to stretch, and new collagen isn’t available to maintain the firm, smooth look it once had, so wrinkles form.
Without peptides, there’s no collagen, and without collagen, there’s no defense against aging. Therefore, the sooner we begin an anti-aging skin care routine the better. By applying certain topical peptides, we feed our skin a protein diet that strengthens, nourishes and realigns the building blocks of the skin, allowing for a stronger, healthier foundation.
The different names of peptides – such as hexapeptide or dipeptide - refer to the number of amino acids in their composition. A dipeptide has two, a tetrapeptide has four, while a hexapeptide has six amino acids. And so on.
Peptides send signals to the cells. When collagen breaks down, it forms specific peptides, and those signal to the skin that it was just damaged and needs to make new collagen. While collagen molecules are too large for skin penetration, peptides are small enough to penetrate the skin, and when applied topically, they signal the skin to repair itself. So we basically make our skin think that there is new collagen loss and it needs to make more. As collagen is a vital component of healthy skin, besides improving elasticity, collagen peptides may facilitate faster wound healing, too.
Only very small amounts of peptides are needed to see results if correctly chosen and formulated. They possess very high potency. That means that cosmetic effects can be experienced with very low quantities (only a few ppm compared to a retinol, which is used at 600-700 ppm level).
There are many different types of peptides as cosmetic ingredients, some purify, others stimulate or just relax (as a Botox alternative).
Hexapeptide-11 is a nourishing type of peptide that upregulates five key areas:
Hexapeptide-11 is able to induce the activity of extracellular MMPs (Matrix metalloproteinases) and suppress cell migration. It helps reduce wrinkles, combat skin-aging and improve the skin suppleness, firmness, smoothness, even tone and elasticity. It provides collagen support, and is a non-irritating, comparable alternative to retinol for anti-aging.
Today it can be manufactured synthetically, but the Hexapeptide-11 in the ilike organic skin care products is created from yeast by using fermentation biotechnology. The resulting fermentation product is fractionated using proprietary filtration and chromatography to isolate the desired dominant peptide, which is then separated from the crude mixture and isolated in a highly purified state.
Aging happens because of activities in diverse molecular pathways and biochemical events that are triggered by some genetic and a lot of environmental factors. Aging is a decline of stress resistance and functional capacity. These effects relate to (among other) age-related gradual accumulation of damaged biomolecules (including proteins) which eventually compromise cellular homeodynamics as they result in failure of most cellular maintenance pathways.
100 ml / 3.4 fl oz, 50 ml / 1.7 fl oz
Weekly skin repair treatment for premature and mature skin that hydrates while helps to reduce fine lines and deeper wrinkles, increase elasticity and activate collagen production.
Active Ingredients: Aloe, Ginkgo, Corn Germ Oil, Pea Peptide, Hexapeptide-11, Hyaluronic Acid, Algae, Sunflower Seed Oil, Chlorophyll -- Antioxidants, Vitamins A, B, C, E and F, Amino Acids, Fatty Acids, Mineral Salts, Trace Elements
30 ml / 1 fl oz
Skin repair serum – as a first step of daily hydration routine for premature and mature skin – that deeply hydrates while helps to reduce fine lines and deeper wrinkles, increase elasticity and activate collagen production.
Active Ingredients: Aloe, Ginkgo, Pea Peptide, Hexapeptide-11, Grapeseed Oil, Hyaluronic Acid, Algae, Sunflower Seed Oil -- Antioxidants, Vitamins A, B, C, E and F, Amino Acids, Fatty Acids, Mineral Salts, Trace Elements
200 ml / 3.4 fl oz, 50 ml / 1.7 fl oz
Nourishing and smoothing skin repair moisturizer – a topical skin protection for premature and mature skin – that deeply hydrates while helps to reduce fine lines and deeper wrinkles, increase elasticity and activate collagen production.
Active Ingredients: Aloe, Ginkgo, Grapeseed Oil, Corn Germ Oil, Calendula, Yarrow, Pea Peptide, Hexapeptide-11, Hyaluronic Acid, Sunflower Seed Oil, Chlorophyll -- Antioxidants, Beta-Carotene (Provitamin A), Vitamins A, B, C, E and F, Amino Acids, Fatty Acids, Mineral Salts, Trace Elements